Main grape varieties by European wine region

As mentioned in “To blend or not to blend“, although many European winemakers have started putting the grape varieties used to make their wines on many of their entry-level bottlings, most wine labels won’t refer to those grape varieties once you get past entry-level. Instead, you will have to rely on the region that the wine came from to derive what grape variety or varieties were used. So the overview below provides an idea of what main grape varieties you can expect for some of the major European wine regions.

Note that this overview only includes some of Europe’s main wine regions and that it only shows the main grape varieties for each region. For example, Petit Verdot, Malbec, and Carménère are also allowed in red Bordeaux, but for simplicity’s sake the overview is showing the more common grape varieties only.

Country Region Main grape varieties
France Bordeaux (Red) Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot,
and/or Cabernet Franc
Bordeaux (White) Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc
Cahors Malbec
Madiran Tannat
Bugundy (Red) Pinot Noir
Bugundy (White) Burgundy
Beaujolais Gamay
Alsace Riesling, Gewurztraminer,
Pinot Gris,  or Muscat
Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé Sauvignon Blanc
Touraine and Anjou-Saumur (Red) Cabernet Franc
Vouvray and Anjou-Saumur (White) Chenin Blanc
Muscadet Melon Blanc
Northern Rhône (Red) Syrah
Northern Rhône
excl. Condrieu (White)
Marsanne and Roussanne
Condrieu Viognier
Southern Rhône (Red) Grenache, Syrah, and Mourvedre
Southern Rhône (White) Clairette, Grenache Blanc,
and/or Roussanne
Southern Rhône (Rosé) Cinsault and/or Grenache
Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Carignan, and/or Cinsault
Italy Barolo, Barbaresco, Langhe,
and Roero
Barbera d’Alba and Barbera d’Asti Barbera
Dolcetto d’Alba, Dolcetto d’Asti,
and Dogliani
Gavi Cortese
Valpolicella and Amarone Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara
Soave Garganega
Chianti and Brunello di Montalcino Sangiovese
Toscana IGT Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon,
Merlot, and/or Syrah
Puglia Primitivo or Negroamaro
Spain Rias Baixas Albariño
Rueda Verdejo
Ribera del Duero Tempranillo
Rioja Tempranillo and/or Grenache
Priorato Grenache, Carignan,
and/or Cabernet Sauvignon
Penedes Tempranillo or Cabernet Sauvignon
Portugal Duoro Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca,
and Tempranillo
Germany Mosel, Nahe, Rheingau, Rheinhessen,
and Pfalz
Austria Wachau, Kamptal, Kremstal,
and Weinviertel
Riesling or Grüner Veltliner
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